Intermediate Seminar of the project in Vitoria-Gasteiz In the framework of the…
Managing mountain pastures is a complex task, since they are heterogeneous environments with a noteworthy number of habitats and species of interest and depend on extensive livestock use for maintenance.
THE OBJECTIVE OF LIFE OREKA MENDIAN is to reach a SUSTAINABLE BALANCE to bring PRESERVATION and SOCIO-ECONOMIC USE together.
A cultural landscape
The high parts of Basque mountains have been used for grazing since time immemorial, as borne witness to by dolmens and other archaeological remains found in these areas. This use led to a characteristic landscape with open moors, where today a large variety of users come together: mountaineers, shepherds, hunters, etc.
An ecosystem under threat
Basque mountain pastures are composed of a dynamic mosaic of habitats and species, highly valuable to preserve biodiversity in Europe. These spaces depend on active management of livestock use, which means that the progressive decline of grazing is the main threat to preservation.
Raising the value of services
The services associated with mountain pastures are many: products derived from livestock (cheese, meat, etc.), a genuine landscape, the maintenance of basic ecological processes, and valuable material and immaterial cultural elements. Raising the value of these services and socialising them is fundamental, as well as acknowledging the role of livestock activity in managing these environments.
The keys to achieve sustainable balance
- Sustainable practises in managing mountain pasture habitats (A1, E3)
- Monitoring Network for fodder production in habitats of community interest (A3)
Manage to preserve
- Planning preservation actions in each ZEC (A2)
- Implementation of preservation measures in each ZEC (C1 – C15)
- Participation and local communication (E2)
- Participation, communication and technical-scientific training (E3)
- Projection and prospection in Europe (E4)
Communication and awareness
- Communicating the socioeconomic and environmental interest of preserving mountain pastures to society, placing higher value on the role of livestock operators in maintaining them (E1)
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